CSA: What's CSA

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CSA (Community Supported Agriculture)

Brief History of CSA

Community-Supported Agriculture began in the early 1960s in Germany, Switzerland and Japan as a response to alarming food security and the urbanization of agricultural land.


In the 1960s groups of farmers and consumers from Europe, especially Germany and Switzerland began to form cooperative partnerships to support the security of food for both consumers and farmers, through paying the full costs of ecologically sound and socially equitable agriculture. Numerous CSA style farms in Europe were stirred by the economic ideas of Rudolf Steiner. Most experiments with community agriculture took place on farms by means of biodynamic farming.


Many Japanese mothers became progressively more concrened about the rise of imported food and the loss of farm land during the1960s, so they started the first CSA projects called Teikei. Teikei means close volunteer-based partnerships between producers and consumers in small-scale, local, organic farming. Millions of Japanese consumers participate in teikei. It is widely cited as the origin of community-supported agriculture around the world.

North – America:

The idea took root in the United States in 1984 when Jan Vander Tuin brought the notion of CSA to North America from Europe. Since that time community supported farms have been expending throughout North America — largely in the Northeast, the Pacific coast, the Upper-Midwest and Canada. North America now has at least 13,000 CSA farms of which 12,549 are in the US according to the US Department of Agriculture in 2007

(Community Supported Agriculture)

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A summer share is an up-front arrangement with a farmer whereby the consumer buys into the harvest.

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